Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers consist of four basic components: a high-speed input shaft, an individual or compound cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first an eye on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam followers in the housing. Cylindrical cam followers act as teeth on the inner gear, and the number of cam supporters exceeds the amount of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam fans on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus raising torque and reducing velocity.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from as low as 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking phases, as in regular planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and may be calculated using:
where nhsg = the amount of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the slower quickness output shaft (flange).
There are several commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing procedures, cycloidal variations share simple design principles but generate cycloidal motion in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made of three simple force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or world gears, and an interior ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun equipment attaches to the insight shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits engine rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate inside the stationary ring gear. The ring gear is part of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts connected to the earth carrier and trigger the earth carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox gives the output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.
Planetary gearboxes generally have single or two-equipment stages for reduction ratios which range from 3:1 to 100:1. A third stage could be added for also higher ratios, nonetheless it is not common.
The ratio of a planetary gearbox is calculated using the next formula:
where nring = the amount of teeth in the inner ring gear and nsun = the amount of teeth in the pinion (input) gear.
Great things about cycloidal gearboxes
• Zero or very-low backlash remains relatively constant during life of the application
• Rolling rather than sliding contact
• Low wear
• Shock-load capacity
• Torsional stiffness
• Flat, pancake design
• Ratios exceeding 200:1 in a compact size
• Quiet operation
Ever-Power Cycloidal Gear technology is the far superior choice in comparison with traditional planetary and cam indexing gadgets.
Fascinated in learning more regarding cycloidal gearbox? Have a look at our web site.